Among these organizations, the AMDH is the most active in terms of social mobilization because of its dispersed branches and presence in the public space since its inception. This national network makes AMDH more influential and a constant source of irritation to the state, which has often imposed restrictions on its activities and activists to limit its work and credibility. In its overall relationship with the human rights movement, the state first challenged the rise of human rights activism before adopting some of its principles in the context of becoming more open, even if instrumentally, to human rights rhetoric and principles, in the s.
However, tensions and fluctuations continued to characterize this relationship. After , with the increase in societal demands, the human rights movement that usually focused on civil and political rights expanded its scope to the second-generation rights and also diversified the way it spread messages and presented its demands using new platforms, especially social media.
See 32 Top Masters Programs in Morocco 12222/2020
Rights-driven protests expanded. They included organizing against unemployment, protesting rising water and electricity bills, demanding more individual freedoms and challenging conventional morality dress code, consensual sexual relations, etc. The protest actions spread in scope and broadened in terms of rights defended.
By March , the government had granted legal registration to 32 associations and settled the status of 24 others established by migrants residing in Morocco. Morocco also granted a temporary legal status to asylum seekers recognized by the United Nations, and thousands of migrants looking for economic opportunities, pending a comprehensive review of its laws on the right of asylum and residence of foreigners on Moroccan soil. However, the government sometimes imposed arbitrary administrative obstacles.
For example, efforts by journalist Ali Lmrabet to register a satirical weekly were impeded even after he served a year ban on practicing journalism in Morocco. Police in Rabat confiscated the tapes of two French television journalists on 16 February and expelled them on grounds that they were filming without a license. Some old police practices returned including attacks on rights activists through surveillance and harassment or prosecution for trumped up charges. Thugs were also used as an indirect method of intimidation. Certain restrictions were imposed on national and international human rights organizations.
The authorities were often lenient with public protest, but systematically prevented gatherings in certain locations and regions, including the Sahara, especially if the protest was to the demand self-determination. As of , a group of leaders who led the youth movement, especially in the northern regions, was arrested. More than activists were detained in El-Hoceima, Taza, Bani Bouayash , Kasr el-Kebir and Larache, and a leading leftist activist was killed in suspicious conditions.
A vicious attack was launched against some human rights organizations, especially the AMDH; the authorities cancelled 40 events in one month, in violation of the very government regulations in this regard. The AMDH claimed that there were obstructive measures against human rights associations between and Activities of some associations were illegally prevented. In some cases the authorities demanded documents that are not required under the law and delayed temporary or final receipts of registration.
Sometimes, organizations were denied receipts of formation or renewal. The authorities also prevented human rights defenders from leaving Morocco to attend or participate in events abroad and interrogated some of them. They face five years in prison, if convicted. The government also banned cultural events, including a play on African immigrants in Morocco. Rap singer, Alhaqed, was banned from performing and jailed for selling football game tickets on the black market, before obtaining political asylum in Belgium. Personal accounts and Facebook pages of journalists and human rights activists were hacked or monitored, which are illegal measures that have not been investigated or punished.
Politically, a direct confrontation ran between Islamist conservatives representing the Justice and Development party PDJ in government and parliament, on the one hand, and modernists of the Authenticity and Modernity party PAM , the women's movement, February 20 activists and some components of the democratic bloc such as the Socialist Union and Left Federation , on the other.
The women's rights movement addressed the phenomenon of child rape and abuse and demanded amendments to the Penal Code which enforced marriage of a minor rape victim to her rapist. In addition, although the Amazigh language has become an official language after the Constitution was promulgated, the Amazigh continued to complain about exclusion and marginalization. Human rights organizations resorted to various strategies and techniques. In addition to mobilization and sensitization, they wrote letters, issued statements and submitted policy and legislative proposals to the head of government or lesser officials, agents of the King, heads of courts and relevant bodies.
Some associations provided support to victims of human rights abuses, as well as counselling and legal aid through their lawyers, in addition to issuing annual reports on the human rights situation, which concluded recommendations to the State and the international community. Human rights associations, either individually or together with other national and international bodies, prepared reports on the human rights in general or on specific cases and submitted them to the UN Human Rights Council or the UN treaty bodies.
Parallel shadow reports often challenged official reports and revealed their inconsistencies with respect to the implementation of international treaties and obligations. Among the most important reports that cost Morocco dearly was the shadow report that addressed the Tazmamart detention centre, since it exposed the reality of arbitrary arrests and enforced disappearances that the state had long denied. National Council for Human Rights. With 13 regional office around the country, it works to monitor, receive complaints, mediate, and investigate violations.
It issues an annual report in addition to thematic reports that are referred to the King. It can exercise the right to intervene in certain situations if it felt they could lead to rights violations. As a national institution, the CNDH is entitled to visit places of detention and incarceration and monitor conditions of prisoners. It is also authorized to study the compliance of existing legislations and regulations with international conventions and treaties related to human rights and the international humanitarian law. It has contributed to national reports submitted to UN treaty bodies and encouraged the government to implement their observations.
The CNDH is headed by Driss Yazmi, a former journalist who lived in exile France before returning in to work on transitional justice with other activists including Driss Ben Zikri, former leftist political detainee in and Ahmed Herzni, an activist and an expert in democratic transition. The National Council has 30 members appointed for a renewable term of four years, taking into account diversity, competence, experience, women and regional representation.
Members are chosen from among public figures representing various social sectors such as civil society associations, trade unions, the parliament, the judiciary, university professors and Moroccan experts at the United Nations. Eight members are appointed by the King, while 11 are proposed by NGOs. The rest are proposed or selected by the heads of the two chambers of Parliament, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the head of House of Councillors, high religious bodies, and a judicial association The Hassani Judges Wedadiya.
Some called for boycotting the Council.
The Council is regulated by a royal decree Dahir  of 25 articles: 10 articles outlined the mandates of protection, 12 covered the promotion of human rights, and three focused on the enrichment of thought and dialogue on human rights and democracy. The CNDH can petition the legislative body. The Parliament must allow the Council to participate in the work of parliamentary committees concerned, inter alia, with human rights issues. Finally, the CNDH can organize programmes to raise the capacity of parliamentarians and staff on human rights issues. At times, the CNDH took bold positions when it demanded, for example, equality in inheritance between men and women and the abolition of the death penalty, or when it criticized the work of the government and the two houses of parliament and submitted proposals to speed up the legislative process to render the laws of the land compliant with the constitution.
The CNDH has faced a lot of criticism. It had the courage to intervene in sensitive political areas such as abortion and inheritance, inviting severe criticism. On inheritance, it was aided by a religious organization, the League of Moroccan Scholars, which sided with the CNDH recommendation for equality in inheritance between men and women.
Still rights advocated sometimes blamed the Council for allegedly presenting the state's view as "the truth" on controversial issues. This program is largely travel based — see itinerary below subject to change.
Africa :: Morocco — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency
The itinerary offers a blend of academic, social, cultural and recreational activities. The free time you have can be spent exploring your host city with other students. Choose Your Course This program is hosted by IAU College, France, with renowned academics travelling with the group to teach the courses, while also drawing from local experts and guides. The program is designed for students interested in an academic and cultural experience in Morocco, Gibraltar, Spain and France.
The academic component of the program will consist of a series of briefings from leading academic, literary and political personalities and experts on the European relationship with the Islamic World. There is a focus on European-Islamic relationships along with particular attention paid to the importance of North African immigration to Europe and its current socio-cultural implications.
Academic Requirement : To qualify for this program, students must be in good academic standing with a GPA of 4.
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If your current GPA falls below the requirement, you may still be considered for the program but will need to be prepared to provide supporting documentation. Please contact us to discuss your situation and we will work with you to help find another suitable program if required.
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This course is designed for students interested in an academically rigorous and cultural experience in Morocco, Gibraltar, Spain and France. The academic component consists of a series of briefings from leading European academic, literary and political personalities and experts on the European relationship with the Islamic world. Participants will attend daily lectures and meetings with distinguished scholars in addition to local guides and experts in the field of politics, art history, history and culture. Special emphasis will be placed on the importance of North African immigration to Europe and its current socio-cultural implications.
The syllabus for this program remains the same regardless of which course the student undertakes. As students are visiting the same sites, attending the same lectures, partaking in the same activities, etc. The difference is in their assessment pieces. He has developed courses in French, Spanish, Arabic, world civilizations and global studies and has led and overseen programs in France, Mexico, Morocco and Spain.
This January program is a true travel-study course — your academics will be integrated with trips to various locations. This program is truly unique, created with the comparative experience in mind. Here is an outline of some the places you will visit:. IAU College will bring experts from a variety of disciplines and backgrounds to provide students with the greatest insight into each visited location throughout this academic travelling program.
All rooms are same gender shared rooms — usually 2 students per room.
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You will share your room with other program participants. The growth rates are year-over-year, and not compounded. Gross national saving : Gross national saving is derived by deducting final consumption expenditure household plus government from Gross national disposable income, and consists of personal saving, plus business saving the sum of the capital consumption allowance and retained business profits , plus government saving the excess of tax revenues over expenditures , but excludes foreign saving the excess of imports of goods and services over exports.
The figures are presented as a percent of GDP. A negative. GDP - composition, by end use : This entry shows who does the spending in an economy: consumers, businesses, government, and foreigners. The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total percent of GDP if the data are complete.
GDP - composition, by sector of origin : This entry shows where production takes place in an economy. The distribution gives the percentage contribution of agriculture, industry, and services to total GDP, and will total percent of GDP if the data are complete. Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry.
Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other private economic activities that do not prod. Agriculture - products : This entry is an ordered listing of major crops and products starting with the most important. Industries : This entry provides a rank ordering of industries starting with the largest by value of annual output.
Industrial production growth rate : This entry gives the annual percentage increase in industrial production includes manufacturing, mining, and construction. Labor force : This entry contains the total labor force figure. Labor force - by occupation : This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by sector of occupation. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other economic activities that do not produce material goods.